African buffaloes in Murchison falls National Park are also known as forest buffaloes, savanna buffaloes, Cape buffaloes (Syncerus caffer), this species is a large Sub-Saharan African bovine, the only species of wild cattle that can be found in Africa. It is also known as Cape buffalo, . African buffalo inhabits sub-Saharan parts of Africa.
There are four subspecies of African buffalo that differs in color, size and type of habitat where they can be found. African buffalo lives in open woodlands, savannas, forests, and lowland rainforests. Since African buffalo depends on water, it requires habitats that receive at least 10 inches of rain per year. African buffalo is sensitive to habitat loss, hunt and diseases (induced by rinderpest virus), but it is not endangered.
African buffaloes in Murchison falls National Park are one of the most successful grazers in Murchison falls National Park. It lives in swamps and floodplains, as well as mopane grasslands, and the forests of the major mountains of Africa. The African buffalo prefers a habitat with dense cover, such as reeds and thickets, but can also be found in open woodland grazing freely with other of the Savannah inmates.
African buffaloes live in large herds that sometimes include thousand animals. Usually, herds are smaller, with up to 12 animals on average, and are capable of defending themselves against predators especially the lions. Lions do kill and eat buffaloes regularly, and in most cases, the buffaloes are the lions’ primary prey.
African buffaloes in Murchison falls National Park mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. Birth peak takes place early in the season, while mating peaks later. A bull closely guards a cow that comes into heat, while keeping other bulls at bay. This is difficult, as cows are quite evasive and attract many males to the scene. By the time a cow is in full estrus, only the most dominant bull in the herd/subherd is there.